DESCRIPTION OF THE MATERIALS:
Marble is a metamorphic rock formed in the process of transformation of carbonate rocks (limestone and dolomite). Depending on the mineral admixtures, it can take on different colours and designs, which make it unique, providing beautiful and original effect of the surface after arranging. The noblest, crystalline, pure white calcite marble tends to be translucent in thin plates. Travertine is formed by accumulation of calcite from the hot springs and in its structure it has many holes occurring as a result of water flow through the stone. In the finished products, these holes are most commonly filled with synthetic resin or cement putty. If these holes remain unfilled, the requirements for maintenance of the stone in the right condition in the course of its life will increase. The travertine blocks, used to produce plates, can be cut in two directions: across and along the layers. The characteristic orientated layers are seen during the longitudinal cutting. The method of the travertine cutting in Poland is known commonly as classic-cut. The cut along plates look more natural and across cut plates are more uniform in colour.
The variations in colours shades, the contents of mineral inclusions and appearing in smaller or larger quantities of calcite veins observed in the marble and the travertine plates is a natural feature of these materials and cannot be the subject of a complaint.
Modern marble and travertine are widely used in the construction industry, mostly as a material for internal wall cladding, flooring, bathroom countertops, windowsills, stairs step, etc. (in the case of flooring to be assembled in the places of medium and low traffic, by travertine is installed on floors preferably in the form filled with resin or cement putty). The application of the stone plates on floors works well with the underfloor heating, because it keeps accumulated heat for a long time. Please note, however, that the floor must be arranged with a special flexible adhesive.
In order to preserve the unique beauty of both marble and travertine, as the natural stones, they require compliance with certain rules regarding their assembly and maintenance.
In the case of white marble, apply only white adhesives for assembly in order to avoid dark discolouration of the plates. Both marble and travertine, like all other natural stones used in construction, have certain absorption and can be affected by fluids leaving stains (wine, coffee, tea, ink, oil, etc.). Remember to impregnate with chemicals intended for the purpose. Taking into account the specific characteristics of the material which is the stone and the mechanism of action of the impregnating protection systems (impacts on the structure at the surface of the stone), impregnation must be done carefully, using specially designed agents, and proceed in accordance with the recommendations of the manufacturer. If necessary, repeat this procedure until the proper effect is obtained. However, do not apply the excessive amount of the agent, because the excess left on the surface is quite hard removable. Impregnation of the stone surfaces must be done after assembly and when the ground, adhesive and stones have completely dried. Drying time depends individually on the applied assembly materials and humidity of the assembled stone elements.
In order to maintain the marble or travertine cladding, use only the agents for the natural stones, considering their types (it would be the best to apply the agents especially designed for marble or travertine). For simple refresh, preferably use a damp mop or cloth using clean, soft water with possibly fragrances (use neutral substances). In the case of spilling of liquids leaving stains, when they are immediately wiped out, they will not leave stains on the impregnated stone. However, pay attention to the liquids containing acids (including natural acids such as lemon juice). Longer influence of acids on the impregnated stone surface can permanently discolours it, and in extreme cases, it leads to damage of impregnation and causes discolouration in the depth of the stone. Immediate removal of such liquids from the stone surface eliminates totally the unwanted effect. In the case of stone floors, if you want to keep their impeccable look for a long time, you should especially avoid sand spreading from outside on the surface.
Losses or cracks formed during abnormal operation must be filled with putties or adhesives for stone.